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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 65-69

Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in pregnant population at the first antenatal visit

1 Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Deccan College of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Department of Orthopedics, Deccan College of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Jalal Mohiuddin Mohammed
Department of Orthopedics, Deccan College of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/joasis.joasis_30_22

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Background: Vitamin D deficiency is a growing health concern and pregnant population is considered to be high risk group. The proposed regimen for the Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy is 400 IU,1000 IU daily for routine and high risk group (dark skin, obese, inadequate sunlight exposure) respectively. 20,000 units weekly for 6-8 weeks followed by maintenance dose in population with Vitamin D deficiency. The effects of Vitamin D deficiency include pre-eclampsia, increased LSCS incidence, impaired glucose tolerance for mother and low birth weight, hypocalcaemia, poor skeletal growth and immunity for the foetus. Although food may provide small amounts of both vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) and vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol), exposure to sunlight is by far the major source of vitamin D to the body, the vitamin being synthesized from cholesterol derivatives. Materials and Method: A cross sectional study over 50 subjects was done after ethical clearance in the department of orthopedics of our medical college. The blood samples along with demographic and clinical data in a questionnaire collected. Results: The results revealed 92% of the study subjects to have either deficiency or insufficiency of vitamin D. The various other parameters contributing directly or indirectly were evaluated. Conclusion and Recommendation: There is need for taking a multidisciplinary approach to patient care and referral to Orthopedics department at the earliest red flags signs of vitamin D deficiency. Creating awareness in the target population can be achieved with counselling and using print media with the pregnancy kits.

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