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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 9-18

Pediatric elbow – Developmental and radiological anatomy


1 Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS), Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Senior Resident, Department of Orthopaedics, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS), Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Sreekanth Kashayi-Chowdojirao
Kashayi-Chowdojirao, NIMS, Hyderabad, Telangana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2667-3665.346027

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Mismanagement of pediatric elbow injuries is not uncommon because of lack of knowledge of anatomy and development of elbow joint. This article describes postnatal development of elbow joint and radiological landmarks essential to differentiate normal and abnormal radiographs. Elbow joint is formed from six secondary ossification centres the order of appearance of which on radiographs can be remembered by the mnemonic “CRITOE”. The osteology, ligamentous and neurovascular anatomy of elbow have been described. Standard and special radiographic landmarks have been discussed while are invaluable to assess pediatric elbow radiographs especially in the setting of trauma.


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